Webster (11CA44)


Webster is a Late Woodland agricultural village located on a Mississippi River terrace one mile south of the Apple River mouth in northeastern Illinois (Stoltman and Christiansen 2000:514). This is the only known example of a pure Late Woodland agricultural village within the Driftless Area, or without evidence of Middle Mississippian influence. However, the authors suggest it cannot be viewed as a descendant of the Effigy Mound culture. Rather, this village site has been identified as a northward extension of a different Late Woodland culture with a primary geographic distribution south of the Driftless Area (Stoltman and Christiansen 2000:514-515). Maize as well as Maples Mills-related Late Woodland ceramics were recovered at this village and mound site.

Mapping coordinates approximate.

ID Other ID Type Subtype Uncal BP (years) ± 1 σ (years) Median cal BP (years) Lower cal BP (years) Upper cal BP (years) δ13C Contaminated?
Beta-67336 MacroSample unknown 880 60 802 919 694 No

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References Cited

Morlan, R. E. and M. Betts
    1999-2005 Canadian Archaeological Radiocarbon Database. http://www.canadianarchaeology.ca/. Canadian Museum of Civilization, Gatineau, Quebec.

Stoltman, J. B. and G. W. Christiansen
    2000    The Late Woodland Stage in the Driftless Area of the Upper Mississippi Valley. In Late Woodland Societies: Tradition and Transformation across the Midcontinent, edited by T. E. Emerson, D. L. McElrath and A. C. Fortier, pp. 497-524. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.