Guilá Naquitz Cave is the westernmost of a group of six rockshelters that extend for about 600 m along the base of a 20-40 m high cliff overlooking a small valley that feeds into a small tributary of the Río Mitla (Kirkby et al. 1986:43-44). The archaeological site was discovered and excavated by Kent Flannery and his team in 1966 as part of a larger survey and test excavation project examining caves and rockshelters near Mitla in the Tlacolula arm of the Valley of Oaxaca (Flannery 1986:65). To date, this site has produced the earliest known, directly dated, maize macroremains (Piperno and Flannery 2001).
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Benz, B. F.
2001 Archaeological evidence of teosinte domestication from Guilá Naquitz, Oaxaca. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 98(4):2104-2106.
Flannery, Kent V.
1986 Guilá Naquitz in Spatial, Temporal, and Cultural Context. In Guilá Naquitz: Archaic Foraging and Early Agriculture in Oaxaca, Mexico, edited by K.V. Flannery, pp. 31-42. Academic Press, Orlando.
Kirkby, Michael J., Anne V. Whyte and Kent V. Flannery
1986 The Physical Environment of the Guilá Naquitz Cave Group. In Guilá Naquitz: Archaic Foraging and Early Agriculture in Oaxaca, Mexico, edited by K.V. Flannery, pp. 43-61. Academic Press, Orlando.