Bowman's Brook


This large village site was first investigated in 1903 by Alanson Skinner (1909:5-7) who described the deposits as they were being destroyed during the construction of a steel mill between 1903 and 1907. He observed refuse-filled bow-shaped pits, fireplaces, and and the remains of a cemetery. He also provides a map of the Mariners' Harbor region showing the location of the Bowman's Brook site (see figure) and other neighboring sites. Ceci (1990) reports on the maize remains and radiocarbon date from much more recent excavations (Chilton 2006:542).

ID Other ID Type Subtype Uncal BP (years) ± 1 σ (years) Median cal BP (years) Lower cal BP (years) Upper cal BP (years) δ13C Contaminated?
Beta-15769 MacroSample unknown 610 60 601 670 529 -11.6 No

Attached Files

Bowman's Brook and neighboring sites as shown in this sketch map published by Skinner (1909).

References Cited

Bendremer, J. C. M. and R. E. Dewar
    1994    The Advent of Prehistoric Maize in New England. In Corn and Culture in the Prehistoric New World, edited by S. Johannessen and C. A. Hastorf, pp. 369-393. Westview Press, Boulder.

Ceci, L.
    1990    Radiocarbon Dating "Village" Sites in Coastal New York: Settlement Pattern Change in the Middle to Late Woodland. Man in the Northeast 39:1-28.

Chilton, E. S.
    2006    The Origin and Spread of Maize (Zea Mays) in New England. In Histories of Maize: Multidisciplinary Approaches to the Prehistory, Biogeography, Domestication, and Evolution of Maize, edited by J. E. Staller, R. H. Tykot and B. F. Benz, pp. 539-547. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

Little, E. A.
    2002    Kautantouwit's Legacy: Calibrated Dates on Prehistoric Maize in New England. American Antiquity 67(1):109-118.

Skinner, A.
    1909    The Lenapé Indians of Staten Island. In The Indians of Greater New York and the Lower Hudson, edited by C. Wissler, pp. 3-62. Anthropological Papers, Vol. 3. American Museum of Natural History, New York.