211-1-1

Information

Residential site located on the Roeliff Jansen Kill, a small tributary along the east side of the Hudson River. It was excavated as part of Iroquois Pipeline Project in 1991-92. Forty-three features at the site include hearths, posts, pits, and middens--all thought to be from activities on the outskirts of the main village site. Occupation of this site extends from the Woodland to the Contact period, with the main focus dating from the Middle Woodland (Cassedy and Webb 1999:87). In their summary of the site, Cassedy and Webb (1999:87) report that: "thirty-two maize fragments were recovered from 8 separate features, including 25 cupules, 5 kernels, 1 glume, and 1 embryo."
Mapping co-ordinates approximate.

ID Other ID Type Subtype Uncal BP (years) ± 1 σ (years) Median cal BP (years) Lower cal BP (years) Upper cal BP (years) δ13C Contaminated?
Beta-84971 MacroSample cupule 390 50 439 515 315 No
Beta-84970 MacroSample kernel 850 60 771 910 680 No
Beta-84969 MacroSample kernel 1050 50 965 1067 800 No

Attached Files

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References Cited

Cassedy, D. and P. Webb
    1999    New Data on the Chronology of Maize Horticulture in Eastern New York and Southern New England. In Current Northeast Paleoethnobotany, edited by J. P. Hart, pp. 85-99, Bulletin No. 494. New York State Museum, Albany.

Chilton, E. S.
    2006    The Origin and Spread of Maize (Zea Mays) in New England. In Histories of Maize: Multidisciplinary Approaches to the Prehistory, Biogeography, Domestication, and Evolution of Maize, edited by J. E. Staller, R. H. Tykot and B. F. Benz, pp. 539-547. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

Little, E. A.
    2002    Kautantouwit's Legacy: Calibrated Dates on Prehistoric Maize in New England. American Antiquity 67(1):109-118.