Rush (9FL164)


Maize appears at the Early Woodland period Rush Site (9FL164) during the Cartersville phase around 1450 CalBP. The site was excavated as part of salvage work during highway bypass construction on the eastern outskirts of Rome, GA (Wood and Ledbetter 1990). It appears to be primarily an artifact scatter site located in cultivated field and no significant features are recorded (Wood and Bowen 1995). A single dated maize cupule from Rush site represents "the earliest undisputed date for maize agriculture in the Etowah River drainage," according to Hellman (2003). [location on our map is approximate].

ID Other ID Type Subtype Uncal BP (years) ± 1 σ (years) Median cal BP (years) Lower cal BP (years) Upper cal BP (years) δ13C Contaminated?
Beta-22834 MacroSample cupule 1535 105 1444 1694 1280 No

Attached Files

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References Cited

Hellman, R.
    2003    Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park: Cultural Overview. National Park Service, Tallahassee. accessed July 2010.

Wood, W. D. and W. R. Bowen
    1995    Woodland Period Archaeology in Northern Georgia. University of Georgia Laboratory of Archaeology Series, Report No. 33. University of Georgia, Athens.

Wood, W. D. and R. J. Ledbetter
    1990    Rush: An Early Woodland Period Site in Northwest Georgia. Occasional Papers in Cultural Resource Management, No. 4. Georgia Department of Transportation, Office of Environmental Analysis, Atlanta.